Skip to content Skip to sidebar Skip to footer

Google adsense


Information about Andalucia for those interested in this region - Afftour


Information about Andalucia for those interested in this region - Afftour

For many people, Andalucia is all that they imagine Spain to be. Great climate, sun, sea and beaches, bullfighting, sherry, and flamenco. Covering over 33,000 square miles and running the length of mainland Spain's southern coast it is the largest and most populous of the 17 autonomous regions of Spain. Andalusia is crossed by the Sierra Morena mountain range in the north and in the south by the snowcapped Sierra Nevada. The fertile basin of the Guadalquivir River lies between these mountain ranges. Huelva, Seville, Cadiz, Cordoba, Malaga, Jean, Granada, and Almeria, all named for their principal cities, are the eight provinces that makeup the region

Information about Andalucia for those interested in this region
Information about Andalucia for those interested in this region
History - Phoenicians first settled here in the 11th century BC founding several coastal colonies among them Gadir which is now Cadiz. Greeks and Carthaginians came in the 6th century BC. 
The Romans expelled the Carthaginians in the 3rd century BC and they, in turn, had their rule ended by the Visigoths in the 5th century AD. 711 saw the Moors cross the Strait of Gibraltar and establish the center of their western emirate here in Cordoba. 

Search Keywords: Spain, property, hotels, Spanish, Malaga, Seville, Granada, jean, Huelva, Almeria, Cadiz, Cordoba, Costa del sol, Costa Blanca Andalusia destinations, Andalucia map, southern Spain map, Andalusia, Spain, Andalusia history, Andalusia Spain map, Andalusia flag, south of Spain map, southern Spain itinerary, where is Andalusia, Andalusia map, best beaches in Spain map, Grazalema, list of villages in Spain, southern Spain weather, most beautiful places in Spain, Spain scenery, Andalusian mountains, must do in Spain, southern Spain cities, south Spanish, Andalusia pronounce, southern Spain people, Motril Spain, Salobrena, al Andalus map, Arab conquest of Spain, the emirate of Granada, Andalusia pronunciation, Andalucia Mapa, al Andalus flag, lonely planet Andalucia, Frigiliana Andalucia, James villas Andalucia, Andalucia Frigiliana, Andalucia Spain, Andalucia.

Andalucia for those interested in this region

The Moorish period was the golden age of Andalusia. Agriculture, leatherworking, mining, pottery, textiles, and trade were all fostered and brought great prosperity. Cordoba, Granada, and Seville, embellished by the greatest Moorish monuments in Spain, the Mezquita, the Alcazar, and the Alhambra Palace respectively were celebrated as centers of arts, culture, and science. 
It remained under Moorish rule until the 13th century when, except the Moorish kingdom of Granada, most of it was conquered by the kings of Castile, who in turn fell to the Catholic kings in 1492. 

Andalucia declined along with the rest of the country from the 16th century onwards. Although trade with the New World enabled the ports of Seville and Cadiz to continue to flourish. In 1713 Gibraltar was ceded to Britain and in 1833 Andalucia was divided into the present eight provinces. The region was a stronghold of anarchism during the Spanish republic. It, however, fell early to the insurgents in the Spanish civil war. Recurrent demonstrations against Franco were seen across Andalucia during his dictatorship. It became an autonomous region in 1981and elected its first parliament the following year.

The region has some interesting contrasts. The deserts of Almeria in the east are the driest part of the whole country, while Sierra de Grazalema in the southwest because it is exposed to winds of the Atlantic, is the rainiest part of Spain. Both the cities of Cordoba and Seville are notorious for their stifling heat during the summer months but the peaks of the Sierra Nevada remain snow-capped all year round. And contrast the rugged coastline of the Cabo de Gata or the Atlantic coast of Cadiz, both with their comparatively deserted beaches, with the intensely developed area in the province of Malaga. Yes, the beaches are still there - you just can't see them for the tourists.

Read About >>> All The World Wants To Travel To New Zealand

There is still a strong Moorish influence in the character, customs, and language of the people. With its tradition of bullfights, flamenco music, and dance it is one of Europe's most strikingly colorful regions. With the abundance of Moorish architecture and its pleasant climate, it is easy to see why the growth of tourism has been so strong in recent decades. Agriculturally, barren lands contrast with richly fertile regions where cereals, citrus fruit, grapes, olives, and sugar cane are produced. 

Industries, based generally on local agricultural produce, include flour milling, olive oil extracting, and winemaking. Cattle, bulls for the ring, and fine horses are bred. The rich mineral resources, exploited since Phoenician times, include copper, iron, lead, and zinc. But despite all this poverty is widespread. Farm laborers are among the poorest in Europe and many unemployed people have migrated to the industrial centers further to the north. 

Semana Santa - Easter is Andalucia's major festival and is celebrated for a full week. It features processions of hooded penitents alongside floats decorated with scenes from the passion traveling through the streets of most cities and large towns. Accommodation can be difficult to find during the week and booking ahead is advised.

Flamenco is believed to have been introduced to Andalucia, it's home today, in the 15th century by gypsies arriving in the region. It is a combination of music, predominantly the guitar, song, and dance, and is played at fiestas, in bars, and at private parties. Audience participation is very much encouraged.

Almeria - Probably founded by Phoenicians, Almeria flourished from the 13th to the 15th centuries as the outlet of the Moorish kingdom of Granada. In 1489 it fell to the Christians. Today the sunny, mild climate attracts many northern Europeans both as tourists and permanent settlers. The capital, also Almeria, is a busy Mediterranean port. It exports significant amounts of agricultural produce, as well as iron and other minerals mined nearby. The city has refineries, chemical and cement plants, and light industries. 

Cadiz - In 1100 BC the Phoenicians founded the port of Gadir, known today as Cadiz, which became a market for silver and tin. Some 600 years later it was taken by the Carthaginians and passed in the 3rd century BC to the Romans. It flourished until the fall of Rome but suffered from the Visigoths and unlike much of Andalucia declined further under the Moors. Its fortifications were rebuilt following its reconquest in 1262 by Alfonso X of Castile. Following the discovery of the New World, Cadiz revived its prosperity, as many ships from America unloaded their cargoes there. 

Columbus sailed from Cádiz in 1495, his second voyage. In the late 16th century both Sir Francis Drake and the earl of Essex led attacks on the fleet anchored there and the city respectively. When in 1718 a sandbar blocked Seville's port Cádiz became the center for New World trade. The city declined after Spain lost its American colonies. Cádiz resisted a two-year siege by the French from 1810 to 181212 until the Duke of Wellington's forces relieved it. Cadiz fell to the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. Today the city, which lies at the southern end of the bay of Cadiz, has an abundance of parks promenades, and squares. It is chiefly a port exporting wines, notably the local sherry which has a worldwide reputation and other agricultural items and importing coal, foodstuffs, and iron. There is a large fishing fleet based here and some shipbuilding on a limited scale takes place.  At the northern end of the bay is the US naval base at Rota.

Cordoba lies beside a loop in the river Guadalquivir upstream from Seville. During the time when the Romans ruled Cordoba was the largest city in Spain and enjoyed great prominence during the time of the Moors. They built the Mezquita, the most beautiful mosque in Spain.

Granada - Originally a Moorish fortress, it became the seat of the kingdom of Granada in 1238. At the height of Moorish rule, this kingdom encompassed both the neighboring province of Malaga and Almeria as well as parts of Cadiz and Jean. During this time the city was recognized as a center of art, commerce, industry, and science. As the Christians drove south the city was the stronghold of the Moors in Spain, surrounding eventually in 1492. In the 17th century, Granada owed its exit prominence to the fact that it was a major silk center. It stands at the confluence of the rivers Darro and Genil. 

The local surrounding area is given over to agriculture and mineral extraction with Granada acting as the commercial hub for these. The city is a major tourist center with attractions such as the Alhambra Palace and other notable Moorish buildings. Facing the Alhambra across the Darro river, the Sacromonte hill is honeycombed with gypsy caves. The nearby ski resorts in the Sierra Nevada also bring visitors to the locality. South of Granada lies the valleys of the Alpujarras bounded to the north by the Sierra Nevada and to the south the sierras of Lujar, La Contraviesa, and Gador. The area is very picturesque dotted with the traditional whitewashed villages. Fertile soil provides good farming with citrus fruit, bananas, and avocadoes amongst the food grown.

The city of Huelva which is the capital of the province of the same name lies on the Odiel river. It is a busy port exporting copper, cork, and sulfur. Like most Spanish ports it has its fishing fleet and in addition some oil refining and shipbuilding. It has a limited tourist trade during the summer months. The city is supplied with water via a Roman aqueduct. Columbus planned his voyages at the nearby La Rabida monastery. The Coto de Donana National Park, Europes most important and largest wildlife sanctuary, lies in the delta of the river Guadalquiver. 60,000 acres have been fenced off to provide the perfect habitat for varied species of wildlife, birds in particular.

Jaen was once the seat of a small Moorish kingdom and played an important role in the conquest of Granada by the Moors by Christian forces during the 15th century. During the Peninsular War of the early 1800s, the French won a major victory here. Today it is the commercial hub for a fertile agricultural area producing olive oil and wine. Europes richest lead mines are nearby and copper and iron are also extracted. The town of Alcalá la Real is known for its mineral springs. The Parque Natural de las Sierras de Cazorla, over 2,000 square kilometers, is the biggest protected area in Spain. Here you might see ibex, red or fallow deer, and wild boar.

The city of Malaga was founded by the Phoenicians and passed through the hands of the Carthaginians, the Romans, the Visigoths, and the Moors when it prospered as a major seaport for the kingdom. It finally fell to the Christian forces in 1487  Málaga is situated on the bay of Malaga and is a major port. Exports include local wine, almonds, dried fruits, olives, and iron ore. Its beaches, luxurious vegetation, and mild climate make it one of the world's leading tourist destinations. Picasso was born here and you will find a museum of his works.

Seville was important in Phoenician times and favored by the Romans. It continued as the major city of southern Spain under the Visigoths. It fell to the Moors in 712 and became a prominent center for culture and commerce. After a drawn-out siege, it was captured by the Christians in 1248.  Some 300,000 Moors are reputed to have fled the city following its capture. Seville entered its greatest period of prosperity with the discovery of the Americas and was the main trading port with the new colonies. In 1718 a sandbar closed the port to shipping and Seville went into a steady decline. The French sacked the city in 1810. Throughout the civil war, Seville was held by the Nationalists. 

Today Seville is both capital of the province and the region of Andalucia. Standing on the river Guadalquiver, which connects it to the Atlantic, it has returned to be a port of note accessible to ocean-going vessels. Exports include minerals, cork, fruit, olives, and wines. Armaments, chemicals, explosives, machinery, perfume, pharmaceuticals, porcelain, textiles, and tobacco are all manufactured locally. It is a major cultural and tourist center. Seville has kept much of its Moorish aspect and one of the world's largest cathedrals occupies the site of a former mosque. The Giralda Tower and the court of oranges remain from the original Moorish structure. You will also find the tomb of Christopher Columbus within the cathedral. The 14th century Alcazar, built by Moorish artisans stands next to the cathedral and is superseded only by Granada's Alhambra Palace. It is recognized as Spain's leading center for bullfighting.

For More About Afftour

Post a Comment for "Information about Andalucia for those interested in this region - Afftour"